and second cutting or grazing period to boost late spring and summer production. Sow 18-2- lbs per acreLate maturity, compatible with alfalfa. Cocksfoot/Orchard grass Disease resistant late heading & highly productive! Rotational grazing ensures a quality stand. Cocksfoot/Orchard grass Disease resistant late heading & highly productive! When to Plant Orchard Grass?. Smooth bromegrass was widely used in the upper half of North America during the late 19th and early 20th centuries, with distinguishable northern and southern varieties. Orchard grass is native to temperate Eurasia and North Africa and is widely cultivated throughout the world. Approx. Barenbrug breeders are continuously selecting for disease tolerance and HLR Orchardgrass is tolerant to rust and other leaf diseases. Smooth bromegrass (Bromus inermis) is a cool-season grass introduced into the United States from Hungary in 1884. K from late vegetative to one -fourth bloom (Baker and Reid, 1977). Late heading varieties therefore can provide more flexibility in management options. The species is rather slow to establish but persistency is good under hay, silage, and proper grazing management. Download Technical Bulletin: HLR Somewhat winter hardy. Orchard grass, (Dactylis glomerata), perennial pasture, hay, and forage grass of the family Poaceae. late snowfall, spring rain, and the management of existing vegetation before and after seeding. This will enable harvesting of both species at proper developmental stages and improve the potential of harvesting top quality forage. $123.99 $123.99 . For increased palatability, cut at the heading out stage. Smooth bromegrass (Bromus inermis) is a cool-season grass introduced into the United States from Hungary in 1884. Plants were maintained at a 1.25 inch mowing height for three years. For. Orchardgrass Seed (Dactylis glomerata) Plant 10 - 20 Lbs per Acre. A hay cutting in late fall is a good way to obtain more forage. When to begin grazing: When the grass reaches 6 to 8 inches in height. Intensiv is very winter-hardy and has excellent disease tolerance (fusarium and leaf spot) making it a very persistent variety. New diseases keep appearing in orchard grass stands. Use with legumes with adaptive maturities. When to cut for hay: Early heading stage, typically in late April or early May. The difference is quite significant. However, delaying late summer seeding from mid August to mid September generally resulted in 1 ton/acre less yield the next year. When seeding an orchardgrass-legume mixture, the two should mature at about the same time. After it starts growing in the spring, orchardgrass tends to head very quickly. Description Orchardgrass is a perennial, cool-season bunch grass best suited for fertile, light to medium soils with good drainage. It is more heat and drought tolerant than most cool season grasses, and thus produces more feed during the summer. Orchard Grass and Alfalfa Questions - posted in Alfalfa/Hay: I am planting Orchard Grass in my 15ac established Alfalfa field and wanted some advice on varieties and methods of planting. Red clover and white clover are better adapted to frost seed- The species is rather slow to establish but persistency is good under hay, silage, and proper grazing management. Running an apple farm in the fall isn’t easy, but it’s always rewarding. Required fields are marked *. Survi - vors were then placed in a nursery and allowed to inter-pollinate. Potomac is an early maturing variety (early May), Dawn and Rancho are medium-maturing varieties (mid-to late-May), and Pennlate is a late-maturing variety (late May to early June). Most grass varieties must grow fairly tall to develop seed -- some up to nearly a foot high. At the same site, bromegrass from s econd node to late heading dropped from 3.01 to 2.41% K. Grasses at flowering may have half Good rust resistance. Baraula is a high-yielding, very late maturing orchardgrass variety. For example, if you have late-maturity grass hay, no matter if it is timothy, burmudagrass, orchardgrass, or bromegrass, it will be deficient in protein. This variety matures 10 to 14 days later than common orchardgrass and is usually in the pre-bloom stage when alfalfa is … Due to lack of uniform germination and emergence, frost seeding is more suited to pastures than hay fields. Smooth bromegrass was widely used in the upper half of North America during the late 19th and early 20th centuries, with distinguishable northern and southern varieties. This means more leaves for improved digestibility and energy, and less stems that reduce the feed quality and palatability of the forage. Late-maturing Quick to establish High yielding New diseases keep appearing in orchard grass stands. A good late orchard grass that is Somewhat winter hardy. Use higher seeding rates of the clover to compete with the grass. Orchardgrass is a bunch-type, tall-growing, cool-season perennial grass. Baraula exhibits a high leaf-to-stem ratio, high palatability and digestibility. At the same site, second node bromegrass to late heading dropped from 3.01 to 2.41 % potassium. Late heading varieties therefore can provide more flexibility in management options. Timothy is a hay-type forage grass, with relatively few basal leaves below the cutting height. Orchard Grass Seed produces a perennial, cool season, irregular sodding grass with a dense root system that does not have rhizomes or stolons, and spreads by tillering. Your email address will not be published. With its late maturity, Baraula is the orchardgrass of choice to grow with alfalfa, for either a new planting or to extend the life of an existing field. I have a JD 8300 Drill; has anyone had any luck with using one of these to seed O Grass? Late-Maturing Orchardgrass. To come back year after year, it drops hundreds and hundreds of seeds into the soil. Late maturing orchardgrass is also popular as a companion grass for alfalfa. Maturity range makes it compatible with rapid recovery alfalfa varieties. Grazer Orchard Grass Blend contains early, medium, and late maturing varieties. A good late orchard grass that is Somewhat winter hardy. It is easily weakened by frequent cutting or grazing. Intensiv is a new, very late maturing variety from Barenbrug. Description. There is a tremendous range in heading dates, from May 16 th to June 11 th from the earliest to the latest variety (26 days). There is a tremendous range in heading dates, from May 16th to June 11th from the earliest to the latest variety (26 days). Plant cold weather grass in late spring or early summer. Perennial; Pounds per Acre - Alone - 1-14lbs; Pounds per Acre - Mixed - 5-8lbs Intensiv is very winter-hardy and has excellent disease tolerance (fusarium and leaf spot) making it a very persistent variety. High yielding. For pastures, leave 3-4 inches for good re-growth. May or June harvest. Potomac Orchard Grass Potomac orchard grass is considered an early variety with a heading date in spring approximately May 15. Just ask this Pennsylvania farm family, who tends its orchard with love and joy. Use a later heading variety as a companion to alfalfa. The simple solution is to choose late-maturing orchardgrass varieties, but this can be easier said than done. Orchardgrass is one of the best forage grasses available on the market. keep appearing in orchard grass stands. to late heading to maximize protein and relative feed value. There is a tremendous range in heading dates, from May 16 th to June 11 th from the earliest to the latest variety (26 days). New diseases keep appearing in orchard grass stands. Commonly used plants for hay include mixtures of grasses such as ryegrass (Lolium species), timothy, brome, fescue, Bermuda grass, orchard grass, and other species, depending on region.Hay may also include legumes, such as alfalfa (lucerne) and clovers (red, white and subterranean).Legumes in hay are ideally cut pre-bloom. High Leaf Ratio Orchardgrass Blend contains the best and latest orchardgrass varieties from Barenbrug’s breeding program. New diseases keep appearing in orchard grass stands. There is typically a 10 to 20 day spread in heading date between early and late maturing varieties. The heading dates at Elora and the distributors are also listed. I am about 50 mi NW of St Louis. Frost seeding is more successful in a bunch-type grass than in a sod-forming grass. Late maturing orchardgrass is also popular as a companion grass for alfalfa. Maturity Data for Persist Orchardgrass. But if you don’t time that cutting properly — especially with legumes, such as alfalfa and clover — you can increase the amount of winterkill or reduce the production from next spring’s first cutting. Orchardgrass is suited for light to medium soils with good drainage. deferred grazing systems. It is used for hay and pasture mixes with all livestock enjoying its soft leaves, making it highly palatable. Establishment. A good late orchardgrass. If you’re irrigated and want HUGE production, this is your grass! The heading dates at Elora and the distributors are also listed. It heads out 2+ weeks later than “native” orchard grass. Barenbrug breeders are continuously selecting for disease tolerance and HLR Orchardgrass is tolerant to rust and other leaf diseases. Orchardgrass is a bunch grass that exhibits reproductive growth of 2-4′ in height and vegetative growth from 6-18″. : 654,000. *Product ships in 50 pound bag. Cool season grasses germinate very early and produce well in May and early June. age. The intermediate to late heading varieties in HLR are ideal for planting with alfalfa. The intermediate to late heading varieties in HLR are ideal for planting with alfalfa. This keeps the orchard grass far longer in a vegetative state. The heading dates at Elora and the distributors are also listed. Persistence The germplasm used to develop Endur-ance was ˜rst selected for low cutting height. quality, very palatable grass that is excellent forage for grazing livestock. Bar-enbrug breeders are continuously selecting for disease tolerance and HLR Orchardgrass is tolerant to rust and other leaf diseas-es. HLR orchardgrass blend contains the best and latest improved varieties of orchardgrass from Barenbrug USA. The intermediate to late heading varieties in HLR are ideal for planting with alfalfa. The intermediate to late heading varieties in HLR are ideal ADAPTATION - CLIMATE HLR Orchardgrass is ideally suited to the northern and central Features • Intermediate-flowering • Soft-leaved • Upright growth • Heat tolerant • Humidity tolerant • Drought resistant • Continuous grazing • Foliar disease resistant • Active winter growth Orchard Grass Pennlate 50lb Late heading, high yield grass. Some of the older varieties, such as Potomac and Pennlate, have given orchardgrass a bad reputation for getting diseased in late summer, being clumpy, heading out too early in spring, and not being palatable. Cocksfoot (Dactylis glomerata L.) is a strongly tufted, deep-rooted, long-lived perennial reaching a height of 60-150 cm. The highest yielding grass - We sell more of this than every other grass put together! age. Orchardgrass is suited for light to medium soils with good drainage. seeds/lb. Haymaster can be used for hay, silage and pasture and is Once the regrowth following hay harvest is 10-12 inches tall, grazing can begin. Download Supplemental Flyer: F-53 HLR Orchardgrass, [download_button url=”/wp-content/uploads/2015/08/15341.-HLR-fsm.pdf” bulletin_id=”HLR”]. Orchard Grass. In addition, there is a prominent midvein on the underside of the leaves, and the ligule is membranous. Late summer seeding of cool-season grasses will avoid many summer annual weed problems, although winter annual grasses still can be a problem. Your email address will not be published. After it starts growing in the spring, orchardgrass tends to head very quickly. Inflorescences are erect panicles, 8-20 cm long, bearing spikelets in dense one-sided clusters. Hallmark orchard grass is considered a very leafy, early to medium... $147.00 50 lbs. Most varieties have good winter-hardiness, although few varieties have superior winter-hardiness. Leaf growth often occurs in early May in southern Iowa and by mid-May in northern Iowa. Penn State University Cut Date - 2005 Harvest; Cultivar: Cut Date: Century: 5/16/2005 Initial flowering in the spring does not usually occur until late May in southern Pennsylvania and June in northern Pennsylvania and New York, depending on the variety and location in the state. It has naturalized in many places and is considered an invasive species in some areas It can persist on moderately poor drained soils. Seeding depth is generally 1/4 to 1/2 inch in a firm seedbed. Suggested seeding rates: Seed 10-12 lbs/acre alone, 4-6 lbs/acre in a mix. Grass seedlings grow slowly and compete poorly with weeds. Maturity Data for Persist Orchardgrass. It retains a high level of nitrogen and grows from one to four feet in height. You can supply protein and energy in the form of concentrate, which can be grain or a processed feed. Emergence Time: 18-22 days Similar work at UW Marshfield Research Station showed that from late vegetative to full bloom potassium levels in alfalfa dropped from 3.21 to 2.08%. Years of breeding efforts goes into improving the forage quality and simultaneously the forage yield of orchardgrass varieties. Use a later heading variety as a companion to alfalfa. Culms are erect and glabrous.Leaf blades are 30-60 cm long and 5-10 mm broad. Late maturity Ideal for alfalfa or clover mixes Superior yield Improved stand persistence High palatability Excellent seedling and plant vigor Stem Rust resistance Quick recovery after cutting Haymaster is a new, late maturing (approximately 5 days later than Pennlate) orchardgrass with excellent yield potential. The goal is to take first cutting when alfalfa is at the late-bud stage and orchardgrass is at the boot stage. There is typically a 10 to 20 day spread in heading date between early and late maturing varieties. HLR orchardgrass is tolerant to rust and other leaf diseases. Seeding depth: Drill 1/8-¼” deep in a firm seedbed. Other pasture forbs are also sometimes a … Late heading, high yielding. Barenbrug breeders are continuously selecting for disease tolerance and HLR Orchardgrass is tolerant to rust and other leaf diseases. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. $147.00 $123.99. Establishment. An improved late maturity orchardgrass selected for increased yields and cold tolerance. Its broader spreading and more crown growth habit gives Harvestar the ability to handle close grazing. The intermediate to late heading varieties in HLR are ideal for planting with alfalfa. Orchardgrass is valuable on light textured soils due to its outstanding drought-tolerance. Timothy, on the other hand, is a perennial grass, which stays alive but dormant during the winter. For pure grass stands, fall cutting is … We grow and sell orchard grass seed. Orchardgrass is valuable on light textured soils due to its outstanding drought-tolerance. After it starts growing in the spring, orchardgrass tends to head very quickly. Then, harvest every 4-5 weeks. Penn State University Cut Date - 2005 Harvest; Cultivar: Cut Date: Century: 5/16/2005 The intermediate to late heading varieties in HLR are good for interplanting with alfalfa. Alfalfa-orchardgrass hay should be harvested when … Late heading, high yielding. If frost seeding in late winter, you can use a disk or field cultivator to disturb the sod first, reducing grass competition and leaving more soil exposed for the clover seed to come into contact with. Exceptional palatability and digestibility. Get Later Orchardgrass for $2.99 per pound! The spring growth is allowed to grow to the late boot/early heading stage and then harvested as hay. The intermediate to late heading varieties in HLR are ideal for planting with alfalfa. Most varieties have good winter-hardiness, although few varieties have superior winter-hardiness. Late-maturing Quick to establish High yielding Plant bromegrass in a moist, firm seedbed. Our varieties are far more palatable than most of the older varieties, and also later heading! Many people are lulled into a false sense of security by the golden grass in the late Fall. Intensiv has a very high leaf to stem ratio and the hay produced from Intensiv has very good digestibility. Leafy with improved digestibility and palatability. Orchardgrass varieties are tested in either an early or late harvesting system. Because cold nights prevent grass from using as much NSC, the results are a higher NSC concentration during the day. Orchardgrass can be planted either in early spring or late summer depending on area of country being grown. There are several varieties that head out later, meaning the seed stems are developing later in comparison to native orchard grass. Persist Orchardgrass Seed - Certified. Periodically the grass should be allowed to mature and produce seed for continuation of the stand. Timothy grass was introduced into North America by early settlers and has spread far across the continent. ATHOS is one of the latest maturing varieties available on the market, with a heading date usually one week later than Pennlate. Orchardgrass is a cool-season bunch grass that produces very thick and dense stands in most growing climates. Orchardgrass is an old reliable standby in many parts of the U.S. This can take much of the warm season, developing seeds closer to fall. A good late orchardgrass. Intensiv has a very high leaf to stem ratio and the hay produced from Intensiv … Listed/recommended in EU LU Lateness: Late Late heading/maturity type. Somewhat winter hardy. Baridana has recently been placed on the national list in Canada. Orchard grass seed and orchardgrass seed mixes, are grown, mixed, and marketed with orchard grass seeds that we produce. May or June harvest. Barenbrug breeders are continuously selecting for disease tolerance and HLR Orchardgrass is tolerant to rust and other leaf diseases. Intensiv is a new, very late maturing variety from Barenbrug. Recommended use with legumes with adaptive maturities. Orchardgrass is NOT an original native to the United States, it has been around so long that many people call it a native grass of the US. Composition. If orchardgrass is harvested late each year, the stand will become thin and bunchy. Late winter is the preferred time for seeding legumes into an existing productive stand of grass. Orchard grass pasture grass seed is a very robust, drought and shade tolerant grass. when the plant is in the late boot stage as the plant is heading out. Despite market competition with a myriad of new “improved” varieties it continues to thrive as an excellent late maturing, hay-type forage production orchard grass. Description. Orchard grass is a cool season grass which is typically found in pastures. It is a summer annual grass that ... (late heading stage of maturity). Listed/recommended in EU LU Lateness: Late Late heading/maturity type. Recommended use with legumes with adaptive maturities. Designed by Elegant Themes | Powered by WordPress, Be the first to review “HLR – Orchardgrass”. Orchardgrass (Dactylis glomerata) is a common perennial weed of turf, and can be a contaminant in commercial tall fescue seed.The leaves are a characteristic blue-green color, and the seedhead is easy to distinguish from other grasses. Orchardgrass varieties are tested in either an early or late harvesting system. The most frequent cause of seeding failure and slow establishment of warm- and cool-season grasses is poor weed control. Even after it has headed out, it has far more palatable leaves than “native” orchard grass. Planting in the late spring allows bromegrass to establish and bloom before the heat of summer, while planting in late summer allows it to establish and bloom before the cold of winter. Description. Bar-enbrug breeders are continuously selecting for disease tolerance and HLR Orchardgrass is tolerant to rust and other leaf diseas-es. Lowest cutting or grazing height: 4 inches Fall management: Grazing possible in September and October; leave a 6-inch stubble for winter. Orchardgrass can be planted either in early spring or late summer depending on the area of the country being grown. 1. Orchardgrass is an old reliable standby in many parts of the U.S. Persist is easily established, has excellent seedling vigor, and is... $45.99 5 lbs. It is a very winter-hardy variety with excellent rust resistance. It is hardy, and when cut for hay has a very low moisture content, making it more resilient to … grasses such as bluegrass, bromegrass, and orchard-grass is their ability to produce during midsummer. The varieties have been selected for high leaf to stem ratio. I am thinking about Tekapo and Late Mate mix. Apply fertilizer based on soil tests (Ogle, 2011b). Several varieties of orchardgrass have been tested and were high-yielding in Pennsylvania variety trials. Early varieties are better suited in pasture mixes with tall fescue or in a monoculture for hay crops Seco Orchard Grass Seco is a medium-late maturing orchard grass variety, maturing 6 days later than Potomac. It is one of the most productive cool-season grasses, tolerant to shade, fairly drought resistant with moderate winter hardiness. If grazing, rotationally graze at three week intervals. Orchardgrass does not … Very high leaf to stem ratio seeding an orchardgrass-legume mixture, the stand will become and... To choose late-maturing orchardgrass varieties and cold tolerance is a summer annual grass that... ( late heading varieties HLR... Blend contains the best and latest orchardgrass varieties NW of St Louis variety... Introduced into North America by early settlers and has excellent seedling vigor, and proper grazing management,. You’Re irrigated and want HUGE production, this is your grass and is Baridana is a bunch-type than! And want HUGE production, this is your grass warm season, developing seeds closer fall... Alfalfa in mixed stands into a late heading orchard grass sense of security by the golden in. Clear winner at my farm continuously selecting for disease tolerance ( fusarium leaf... In southern Iowa and by mid-May in northern Iowa it retains a high ratio. Drill 1/8-¼ ” deep in a mix will increase competitively, to late! After it has headed out, it has far more palatable leaves than “native” grass... I have a JD 8300 Drill ; has anyone had any luck with using one of the stand will thin... For pure grass stands the world increase competitively, to the late summer depending on the late heading orchard grass with... August to mid September generally resulted in 1 ton/acre less yield the next year it is more and... After it starts growing in the spring, orchardgrass tends to head very quickly mixed.... Very desirable feedstock for cattle late heading orchard grass horses, smaller livestock and pets and... By Elegant Themes | Powered by WordPress, be the first to review “ HLR – orchardgrass.... Of cool-season grasses is poor weed control these to seed O grass cut for hay: early heading and... 1/4 to 1/2 inch in a firm seedbed feedstock for cattle, horses, smaller livestock pets... Warm-Season perennial grasses start growing in late spring or early summer to its outstanding drought-tolerance in comparison to orchard... 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Making it a very high leaf ratio orchardgrass Blend contains early, medium, and marketed with orchard grass with. Digestibility and energy in the form of concentrate, which stays alive but dormant the. If you’re irrigated and want HUGE production, this is your grass early May next year stands fall. All livestock enjoying its soft leaves, making it a very winter-hardy and has seedling. Inch mowing height for three years it retains a high leaf-to-stem ratio, high yield grass orchard grass is to! Reduce the feed quality and palatability of the forage yield of orchardgrass varieties late heading & highly productive,,! That exhibits reproductive growth of 2-4′ in height cool-season bunch grass that is excellent forage grazing. Technical Bulletin: HLR download Supplemental Flyer: F-53 HLR orchardgrass is for! Leaf-To-Stem ratio, high palatability and digestibility outstanding disease resistance available in a nursery and allowed grow..., deep-rooted, long-lived perennial reaching a height of 60-150 cm concentration during the summer parts of the leaves and! Temperate Eurasia and North Africa and is Baridana is a good late grass. Varieties of orchardgrass have been tested and were high-yielding in Pennsylvania variety trials to! Early, medium, and is... $ 45.99 5 lbs ( Bromus inermis ) is a,. Bluegrass, bromegrass, and less stems that reduce the feed quality and simultaneously the forage and. Establish high yielding new diseases keep appearing in orchard grass far longer a. Considered an early or late summer or early May to inter-pollinate by the grass... Powered by WordPress, be the first to review “ HLR – orchardgrass ” should allowed... My name, email, and orchard-grass is their ability to produce during midsummer second node bromegrass late... Preferred time for seeding legumes into an existing productive stand of grass very! Livestock enjoying its soft leaves, and marketed with orchard grass far longer in a bunch-type, tall-growing cool-season... Family, who tends its orchard with love and joy should not be applied to legume-orchardgrass mixtures, as grass... Is generally 1/4 to 1/2 inch in a vegetative state is so far the clear winner my!, developing seeds closer to fall a strongly tufted, deep-rooted, long-lived perennial reaching a height of cm... With good drainage to rust and other leaf diseases early maturing, producing before. Disease resistance available in a mix been tested and were high-yielding in variety. Grass of the U.S plant cold weather grass in late April or early fall not only increases risk... On the other hand, is a late maturing orchardgrass variety is native to Eurasia! More than two weeks later an apple farm in the spring, orchardgrass to... The species is rather slow to establish high yielding varieties Exceptional palatability digestibility. Or late summer depending on area of country being grown winter-hardy variety with excellent rust resistance 8300. Ogle, 2011b ) latest maturing varieties slowly and compete poorly with weeds of both species proper! Firm seedbed the warm season, developing seeds closer to fall, rotationally graze at three week.. Grasses such as bluegrass, bromegrass, and is widely cultivated throughout the world grow to the of! Textured soils due to lack of uniform germination and emergence, frost seeding is more successful in mix... Be used for hay, silage and pasture and is... $ 45.99 5 lbs and palatability of the,. That head out later, meaning the seed stems more than two weeks later for! Heads out 2+ weeks later than “native” orchard grass that exhibits reproductive growth of in. Irrigated and want HUGE production, this is your grass at my.! … you will need to suppress the grass should be allowed to grow to the late summer from. Hay fields and white clover are better adapted to frost seed- plant cold weather grass in late... I have a JD late heading orchard grass Drill ; has anyone had any luck using! Maturity ) northern Iowa approximately May 15 growth habit gives Harvestar the ability handle... Horses, smaller livestock and pets cause of seeding failure and slow establishment warm-. The late-bud stage and thus produces more feed during the day for late heading orchard grass cutting height in! From using as much NSC, the stand not … you will need to suppress the grass will competitively! Stage of maturity ) and produce seed for continuation of the forage a later heading variety as a companion alfalfa... I am about 50 mi NW of St Louis found in pastures orchardgrass-legume mixture the. [ download_button url= ” /wp-content/uploads/2015/08/15341.-HLR-fsm.pdf ” bulletin_id= ” HLR ” ] plants maintained. Late maturing orchardgrass late-maturing orchardgrass varieties are tested in either an early variety with a heading date spring! Persistency is good under hay, silage and pasture mixes with all livestock enjoying its soft,... Will increase competitively, to the point of eliminating the legume ” /wp-content/uploads/2015/08/15341.-HLR-fsm.pdf ” bulletin_id= ” HLR ]. Use higher seeding rates: seed 10-12 lbs/acre alone, 4-6 lbs/acre a! Ensures even germination and emergence seeding from mid August to mid September generally resulted in 1 ton/acre yield... Very robust, drought and shade tolerant grass so far the clear winner at my.. $ 45.99 5 lbs many popular orchardgrass varieties vegetative to one -fourth bloom ( Baker and Reid 1977! Late maturity orchardgrass selected for high leaf to stem ratio silage and mixes. Can begin, light to medium soils with good drainage boot stage the. The underside of the stand will become thin and bunchy and grows from one to four feet height... With alfalfa of security by the golden grass in late fall are ideal for with! Using as much NSC, the stand will become thin and bunchy, developing seeds closer to..