The five British-built ships commissioned between 1912 and 1913, while Brisbane, the Australian-built ship was laid down in 1913 and completed in 1916. The 12-pounder 76 mm (3.0 in) anti-aircraft guns were unavailable, however, and Vickers 3-pounder guns were fitted in their place. Two BL 6-inch (152 mm) Mk XI guns (50 calibre) [16] The belt consisted of 2-inch (51 mm) of nickel-steel on top of 1-inch (25 mm) of high-tensile steel, tapering from 3–2 1⁄2-inch (76–64 mm) forward and to 2-inch (51 mm) aft. Deck armour was reduced in order to allow the introduction of belt armour, and they had eight 6 in guns in single mountings with shields. Ships of the class saw action at the Battle of the Falkland Islands and the Battle of Heligoland Bight in 1914. They were modified versions of the previous sub-class. Displacement was 5,400 long tons (5,500 t) normal and 6,000 long tons (6,100 t) full load. [3] Speed during sea trials varied between 25.856 knots (47.885 km/h; 29.755 mph) (Glasgow) and 27.012 knots (50.026 km/h; 31.085 mph) (Bristol). The Town-class light cruiser (also referred to as the Southampton-class) is a class of several light cruisers in service in the Australian, Polish and Royal Navies from the 1930s and 1940s. The Arethusa class of … HMS Birmingham under fire at the Battle of Jutland. One weakness of the gun was the gun shields which didn't reach the deck leaving the gun crews vulnerable to splinters. HMS Glasgow  at Valparaiso in Chile before the Battle of Coronel, 1 November 1914. A Class Destroyers. In the first part of the description, cover the history of the ship’s creation and military application. A class 3 ebike is the most strictly regulated because it assists up to a higher maximum speed. Greece also ordered battleships from Germany and France. Twelve Yarrow three-drum boilers fed steam turbines rated at 22,000 shaft horsepower (16,000 kW), giving a speed of 25 knots (46 km/h; 29 mph). [8], Work continued on the two ships for the Greeks after the outbreak of the First World War, but early in 1915,[f] with no sign of an end to the war, the British Admiralty took over the contract for the two ships, which became the Birkenhead class, together with the 5.5-inch guns and ammunition. While the earlier ships were protected cruisers, depending on an armoured deck deep within the ship to protect machinery and magazines, the Chathams relied on a vertical belt of armour. The Bristol class[a] were all ordered under the 1908–09 Programme and commissioned in late 1910. Also that year, Birmingham became the first ship to sink a submarine when she rammed U-15. Eight to nine BL 6- inch (Mk XI (50 calibre) guns or Mk XII (45 calibre) guns Machinery was similar to the Bristol class, with again a single example (Yarmouth) having the Brown-Curtis turbines and two-shaft arrangement used in Bristol, while the remaining three ships had the four-shaft, Yarrow turbine machinery. They were built to the limitations that the Second London Naval Treaty imposed on cruisers, which lowered the Washington limit of 10,000 tons to 8,000 tons, and were at least in external appearance smaller derivatives of the Town-class cruiser. A helmet is only legally mandatory for class 3 ebikes in California, as is also true in Tennessee. USS California (BB-44) was the second of two Tennessee-class battleships built for the United States Navy between her keel laying in October 1916 and her commissioning in August 1921. Town-class Modified Cruiser One of ten Town-class cruisers, HMS Belfast’s construction began in December 1936. [2] They were second class cruisers suitable for a variety of roles including both trade protection and fleet duties. [e] The light cruisers, which were both to be built by Cammell Laird, and to be named Antinavarchos Kountouriotis and Lambros Katsonis, were based on the design of the Chatham and Birmingham classes, but with a revised armament to be supplied by the Coventry Ordnance Works. Imagine a Town Class cruiser but over Twice the displacement and Twice the armour thickness both in hull belt and deck.) These ships, initially rated as second class cruisers, were built to a series of designs, known as the Bristol (five ships), Weymouth (four ships), Chatham (three RN ships, plus three RAN ships), Birmingham (three ships, plus one similar RAN ship) and Birkenhead (two ships) classes – all having the names of British towns except for the RAN ships, which were named after Australian cities. The Birmingham class were all ordered under the 1912 Programme and was commissioned in 1914. [22], In 1915, as a response to German commerce raiding in the early months of the war, the British Admiralty decided to build a new class of large, fast and heavily armed cruisers for trade protection work. [41] That same year, Sydney attacked SMS Emden in an action that lasted over an hour and resulted in the German warship being beached by her captain to avoid his ship sinking. Broken up in Germany. [5] As the protective deck was at waterline, the ships were given a large metacentric height so that they would remain stable in the event of flooding above the armoured deck. British naval ship classes of the First World War, Further developments: Atlantic cruisers and, Sources differ as to the layout of the machinery. Adelaide saw an extensive refit between 1938-1939. The Des Moines class were designed in response to date gained from numerous cruiser engagements between the US and Japanese navies. These vessels were long-range cruisers, suitable for patrolling the vast expanse covered by the British Empire. The ships of the class saw more service than mentioned above, including action against German merchant ships. The Town class was a group of twenty-one light cruisers built for the Royal Navy (RN) and Royal Australian Navy (RAN). Transferred to the New Zealand Navy 11 September 1920, but returned to Royal Navy 1924. A be-all-end-all Heavy Cruiser of 22,500 tons (Size of a WW1 Battlecruiser) Std Displacement, armed with twelve forged rifles of the new 9.2 Inch guns. [28][29] It was planned to fit the ships with two 12-pounder 76 mm (3.0 in) (76 mm) anti-aircraft guns, while two 21-inch torpedo tubes were fitted. These ships made up for their smaller calibre guns by carrying larger numbers of them. [18], The 1911–1912 Programme brought the Birmingham class. four 3-pounder saluting guns and two submerged 21-inch torpedo tubes). They were 453 feet (138 m) long and had a full load displacement of 5,300 tons. Three ships were ordered for the Royal Navy, commissioning in 1914. Battle Class Destroyers. Check out my Modern and WW2 Armour section too! The London Treaty defined a "light cruiser" as one having a main armament no greater than 6.1 in (155 mm) calibre, all three major naval powers sought to circumvent the limitations on heavy cruiser numbers by building "light cruisers" that were equal in size and effective power to heavy cruisers. 31. The last group of cruisers to be built in time to commission before the war were 8 Southampton class ships, of which the first two, originally named Minotaur and Polyphemus, were included within the 91,000-ton restriction imposed by the London Naval Treaty of 1930. ] the major difference between the Chathams differed from the two previous sub-classes variants of Falkland... 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