The code of Hammurabi tells us about different standards of justice for the three classes of Babylonian society – the propertied class, freedmen, and slaves, and what was the perspective of government toward them. Mesopotamian: Code of Hammurabi and the Jewish law there are many similarities in the treatment of women. What language was the code of Hammurabi written in? Hammurabi said he wrote this code "to bring about the rule of righteousness in the land" What word best defines righteousness in this context? Tags: Question 17 . What is the meaning Of Paibos and Sajdah(or Sijdah)? It is like looking through a window into ancient Babylon. Who wrote the code of hammurabi quizlet populove.net Who wrote the code of hammurabi quizlet The Code of Hammurabi: The Babylonian king Hammurabi expanded the empire of his father in the 18th century BCE to include most of Mesopotamia. Recent Theological Literature The Code of Hammurabi The Code of Hammurabi, King of Babylon about 2250 B. C. Robert Francis Harper, Hammurabi, King of Babylon The Letters and Inscriptions of … Updates? During that time, these codes were the guiding principle of Babylon. These codes helped them during commercial interactions, charging fines, and punishing the guilty. Early estimates pegged the number of missing laws at 34, however, the exact number is still not determined and only 30 have been discovered so far. How they were suppressed in the society. This stela (stone pillar) bears the inscription of the Code of Hammurabi, and it has shed light on the laws, culture and life in Babylonia. Hammurabi, the sixth Babylonian king, enacted The Code which consists of 282 laws and corresponding punishments. Not hard at all! I won't (or maybe can't ... :-D ..) give you your homework answer direct, but I do hope I've given you the direction *you* need to find it out fairly quickly. Desai – Liaquat Pact | Proposals of the pact & its Aftermath, Treaty Of Alinagar – Reason, Provisions, and Aftermath, Nagara Style of Temple Architecture in India, Sri Mukhalingam – Importance, History and Culture, Nagadasaka – The Last Ruler of Haryak Dynasty, Banabhatta – The Court Poet of King Harshavardhana, The code of Hammurabi is a collection of what type of items. People who wrote down records. [30] [31] [32] [33] [b] Some scholars have disputed this; David P. Wright argues that the Jewish Covenant Code is "directly, primarily, and throughout" based upon the Laws of Hammurabi. Hammurabi’s dynasty lasted only a few generations before it toppled. But, the clay tablets found from different ancient sites show glimpses of the king’s character and diplomacy. The Babylonian king, Hammurabi (ca. For example, wages to be paid to an ox driver or a surgeon. It was written by the Babylonian king Hammurabi, who ruled from 1792 to 1750 B.C. Stele of Hammurabi. Watch the Turning points in Law: Hammurabi's Code of Law, video and respond to the questions below. Did the code of Hammurabi treat everyone equally. As all societies need laws, Hammurabi wrote the code of laws to establish order and to dictate punishment for crimes in Mesopotamian society. Advertisement Unearthed in 1901 by French archaeologist Jean-Vincent Scheil, the stela holds the most well-preserved and comprehensive lists of ancient laws in existence. What is the Code Of Hammurabi? (0:00-1:55) What did you learn about the Code Of Hammurabi from you video excerpt? SURVEY . File:R.F. The principal (and only considerable) source of the Code of Hammurabi is the stela discovered at Susa in 1901 by the French Orientalist Jean-Vincent Scheil and now preserved in the Louvre. His family was descended from the Amorites, a semi-nomadic tribe in western Syria. Who wrote the code of Hammurabi? The code provides rules about what punishments go to those who do not live up to their side of a contract. The Co… A third of the code discusses matters concerning household and family relationships such as heritage, divorce, parenthood, and reproductive behavior. But were those laws fair to his 1 million subjects? The Code of Hammurabi is the most frequently cited cuneiform document in specialized literature. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. It was set rules for commercial interactions, and set fines and punishments to meet the requirements of justice. In 1901 Jacques de Morgan, a French mining engineer, led an archaeological expedition with Egyptologist Gustave Jéquier to Persia. The Code of Hammurabi was a prominent and most complete written legal code. The code of Hammurabi, a set of 282 laws written by the sixth king of the first Amorite dynasty, King Hammurabi (r.1792-1750BCE). The Code of Hammurabi, also known as the Code of Laws, is one of the earliest sets of laws found. Code of Hammurabi Summary. We have no figures for how often Babylonian houses fell down before and after the implementation of the Code. Hammurabi combined his military and political approaches with irrigation projects and the construction of fortifications and temples celebrating Babylon’s patron deity, Marduk. Also, it is one of the oldest deciphered writings of significant length in the world. It was set rules for commercial interactions, and set fines and punishments to meet the … The Law of Moses provided justice, but it also dealt with spiritual laws and personal and national holiness. Thomas Jefferson? Belief in many gods. P1050771 Louvre code Hammurabi bas relief rwk.JPG by Mbzt is published under the CC BY 3.0 Unported license Watch the Turning Points in Law: the Code of Hammurabi of Law, video and respond to the questions below. He wrote the Code of Hammurabi, which governed many facets of society. The Code of Hammurabi belonged to the culture of the ancient Orient, in the year 1750-1790 B.C., in the city of Babylon. King Hammurabi lived about three thousand years ago. But his code of laws set a vital and enduring precedent. Omissions? Other provisions set the rules for a transaction, the liability of a builder for a house that collapses, or property that is damaged while left in the care of another. Unlike earlier laws, it was written in Akkadian, the daily language of Babylonia. The laws are generally known as the Code of Hammurabi. The first leader to unify Mesopotamia as an empire? Figures at top of stele above Hammurabi's code of laws. From the earliest known system of laws to The Communist Manifesto, test your knowledge of famous documents in this quiz. The rules typically involve how to treat property and contracts. Code of Hammurabi, the most complete and perfect extant collection of Babylonian laws, developed during the reign of Hammurabi (1792–1750 bce) of the 1st dynasty of Babylon. The Code of Hammurabi book. The background of the code is a body of Sumerian law under which civilized communities had lived for many centuries. Code of Hammurabi Summary In approximately 1771, BCE, Hammurabi, king of the Babylonian Empire, decreed a set of laws to every city-state to better govern his bourgeoning empire. Although earlier Babylonian codes are known, unquestionably the most perfect monument of Babylonian law is the Code of Hammurabi (c. 1758 bc), the main record of which was discovered on a stele, or stone monument, only in 1901–02. The existing text is in the Akkadian (Semitic) language, but, even though no Sumerian version is known to survive, the code was meant to be applied to a wider realm than any single country and to integrate Semitic and Sumerian traditions and peoples. The fifth king of the dynasty, Sin-Muballit (reigned 1812-1793 BCE), successfully completed many public works projects but was unable to expand the kingdom or compete with the rival city of Larsa to the south.Larsa … 3,500 years ago, King Hammurabi of Babylon compiled a series of commands regarding the day-to-day life of his people. Only one provision appears to impose responsibilities on a government official. What is the importance of Megasthenes’ Indica? It also gives a glimpse of the status of women. He wrote the Hammurabi´s code, which contained 282 laws and was carved in a 2.4 meter stone in 1750 b.c It was written by the Babylonian king Hammurabi, who ruled from 1792 to 1750 B.C. Stele of Hammurabi: the Gem of Mesopotamia . The code established a firm set of legal laws in Mesopotamia, and helped keep order and stability throughout the reign of king Hammurabi. Hammurabi’s name reveals a mix of cultures: Hammu means “family” in Amorite, and Rapi means “great” in Akkadian in the everyday language of Babylon. Now, the Babylon of Hammurabi is buried. A few provisions address issues related to military service. The code was written using cuneiform script and the Akkadian language. The rock is 9 feet tall and has 282 rules making the law. The Code of Hammurabi is a well-preserved Babylonian law code of ancient Mesopotamia that dates back to about 1772 B.C. Their race had gone but left behind a significant achievement, the Code of law imprinted in black rock. Read All 282 Codes from here: The Avalon Project: The Code of Hammurabi. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Diorite stela inscribed with the Code of Hammurabi, 18th century. rwk_JPG by Mbzt is CC literate: able to read This provision confirms that a judge who changes his judgment after it is written down is to be fined and removed from the bench forever. The Amorites were a nomadic people who migrated across Mesopotamia from the coastal region of Eber Nari (modern day Syria) at some point prior to the 3rd millennium BCE and by 1984 BCE were ruling in Babylon. After this triumph, he wrote a set of laws that are now called Hammurabi’s code. Equality. Justice. He was the sixth king in the Babylonian Dynasty. Hammurabi ruled in central Mesopotamia (present-day Iraq) from 1892 BC to 1750 BC. The Code is based on … The diorite stele was originally found by archeologists in the ancient city of Susa. Shamash. Answer that general question, then look at what Hammurabi's Code actually says, and you'll easily figure out your answer. Q. Hammurabi's code is a famous system of laws because it ... answer choices . Kindness. What is Hammurabi's Code? History of the Code of Hammurabi In ancient Eastern culture, it was the gods who dictated the laws to men for handling a deeper sense of spirituality and balance, so the laws have a divinity character. The best law code is the one wrote by the government he ruled called the Hammurabi code. The Code of Hammurabi is often cited as the oldest written laws on record, but they were predated by at least two other ancient codes of conduct from the Middle East. The common belief is that the code contained 282 laws in total. The stele unearthed in 1901 had many laws scraped off by Shutruk-Naknunte. The Hammurabi code of law is a collection of 282 rules. The code of Hammurabi had 282 laws written by scribes on 12 tablets. The Avalon Project: The Code of Hammurabi, Great Achievements of Abbasid Dynasty - History Flame, Famous Plays Written by Emperor Harshavardhana. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Punishment. Nearly half of the code administers with the matters of contract. Also, it is one of the oldest deciphered writings of significant length in the world. Restitution. The Code of Hammurabi focused exclusively on criminal and civil laws and meted out harsh, and sometimes brutal, punishments. Code of Hammurabi-The Code of Hammurabi was one of the earliest and most complete written legal codes and was proclaimed by the Babylonian king Hammurabi, who reigned from 1792 to 1750 B.C. The Code of Hammurabi is one of the oldest and longest deciphered writings in existence. For example, men were allowed to have affairs with their servants and slaves, whereas married women would be harshly punished for committing adultery. Polytheism. 1790 BC), known as "The Code of Hammurabi" (Codex Hammurabi). The Code of Hammurabi is the longest-surviving text from the Old Babylonian period. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/topic/Code-of-Hammurabi, Yale Law School - Lillian Goldman Law Library - The Avalon Project - Code of Hammurabi. Hammurabi’s Code—much like the laws handed down from God to Moses—largely focussed on punishment. is thought to be one of the earliest written set of laws. answer choices . If a wrong is committed, there should be some form of proportional (“eye for an eye”) punishment upon the perpetrator. The earliest, created by the Sumerian ruler Ur-Nammu of the city of Ur, dates all the way back to the 21st century B.C., and evidence also shows that the Sumerian Code of Lipit-Ishtar of Isin was drawn up nearly two centuries before Hammurabi came to power. Who wrote the code of hammurabi quizlet populove.net ... populove.net Latest News Desert Imaging, TTUHSC El Paso establish two scholarship endowments to Honor of Kharisma James Babylonian King Hammurabi wrote the code of Hammurabi. In approximately 1771, BCE, Hammurabi, king of the Babylonian Empire, decreed a … What is Sargon's code? The code of Hammurabi helps us understand the social, economic, and mental structure of the people of that time. Penalties varied according to the status of the offenders and the circumstances of the offenses. What famous document did Abraham Lincoln write? Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window), Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window), Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window), Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window), Click to share on Tumblr (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pinterest (Opens in new window), Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window), Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window), Velu Nachiyar – India’s Unsung Women Freedom Fighter. There were two types of punishment in Hammurabi’s Code: Retribution. Mesopotamia . He was a ruler who wanted to be strict and fair with his people, so he wrote down a list of 282 laws. Three important concepts are implicit in Hammurabi’s Code: reciprocity, accountability, and incentives. A huge black Stele covered with mysterious writing reminds us of the glorious power and wisdom of ancient Babylonian civilization lived thousands of centuries ago. Today it can be found in the Louvre Museum in Paris, France. The code is most famous for its axiom of an “eye for an eye” and a “tooth for a tooth.” This is at the heart of the code often. Unlike earlier laws, it was written in Akkadian, the daily language of Babylon, and could therefore be read by … Its first scholarly publication in 1902 led to the development of a special branch of comparative jurisprudence, the study of cuneiform law. Nonetheless, fragments of previous law codes have been found and it is unlikely that the Mosaic laws were directly inspired by the Code of Hammurabi. Hammurabi was an intelligent man that saw the need to have written laws to maintain peace, and he was a man of justice. The offender must repay the victim for goods stolen, damaged, or lost, or … In this way, Hammurabi has more in common with Draco than with Moses. It consists of his legal decisions that were collected toward the end of his reign and inscribed on a diorite stela set up in Babylon’s temple of Marduk, the national god of Babylonia. In the 30th year of his reign, Hammurabi began to grow his kingdom above and below the Tigris and Euphrates river valley. The stele was later captured by the Elamites and taken to their capital, Susa. King Hammurabi. The Code of Hammurabi: The Babylonian king Hammurabi expanded the empire of his father in the 18th century BCE to … It was written on a stele (a large stone monument), and put in a public place where everyone could see it. -- Unless you have no access whatever to a translation of Hammurabi's Law. Sun god and god of justice. Moreover, despite a few primitive survivals relating to family solidarity, district responsibility, trial by ordeal, and the lex talionis (i.e., an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth), the code was advanced far beyond tribal custom and recognized no blood feud, private retribution, or marriage by capture. [34] first written set of laws based around code of rules that guided the ancient society of Babylon;dates back to 1772 B.C. These 282 case laws include economic provisions (prices, tariffs, trade, and commerce), family law (marriage and divorce), as well as criminal law (assault, theft) and civil law (slavery, debt). It has been recently suggested by many such as van de Mieroop and Norman Yoffee and others that it is not accurate to talk about the Stele of Hammurabi as a law code of the modern sense because it clearly did not operate as a binding document to regulate comprehensively the everyday judicial practices in society. And its importance? The Hammurabi Code encapsulates 282 legal codes that were used to basically govern the people of ancient Babylon during King Hammurabi’s reign. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! He overthrew the kingdoms of Assyria, Larsa, Eshunna, and Mari till the whole of Mesopotamia was under his rule. This file contains additional information such as Exif metadata which may have been added by the digital camera, scanner, or software program used to create or digitize it. Written in the dominant language at the time, the Akkadian language, the code provided a legal framework for the exchange of goods and services in the ancient city-state of Babylon. Both Mesopotamian and Hebrew societies were patriarchies and it is evident in not only their laws but in their stories. It contains the codes related to Commerce, family laws, fines, and punishments. He was the first king of … He did not consider himself related to any God, although he did call himself “the favorite of the gods”.” Scribes. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. Hammurabi, the ruler of the first metropolis in Babylon, wrote the Code of Hammurabi. The Hammurabi code of laws, a collection of 282 rules, established standards for … The Code of Hammurabi is often cited as the oldest written laws on record, but they were predated by at least two other ancient codes of conduct from the Middle East. Directions: Read the excerpt below, then respond to the questions. Harper, The code of Hammurabi King of Babylon Wellcome L0014543.jpg; Metadata. Cuneiform. 900 seconds . Corrections? The authorship of the Code is attributed to the Babylon King Hammurabi. We have no idea how many (if any) people were put to death as a result of failing to adhere to Hammurabi’s construction laws. “He felt that he had to write them to please his Gods. The code of Hammurabi contains 282 laws, written by scribes on 12 tablets. Following the division made by the first editor, Jean-Vincent Scheil,… The Hammurabi code of law is a collection of 282 rules. Hammurabi wrote these laws in the city of Babylon. Hammurabi expanded the city-state of Babylon along the Euphrates River to unite all of southern Mesopotamia. The world's first system of writing. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Laws Wrote on the Stone. It was the first time in history that somebody wrote down a list of laws. This list is called the Code of Hammurabi. Code of Hammurabi. The Code of Hammurabi was a prominent and most complete written legal code. Read 81 reviews from the world's largest community for readers. It also helps us to understand how they managed matters related to property and commerce including debt, interest, and collateral. An inscription of the Code of Hammurabi The Code of Hammurabi was a legal code of Babylonia written about 1700 BC. These earl… Who wrote The Code of Hammurabi? Their mission was to excavate the Elamite capital of Susa in Khuzestan, more than 250 miles from the center of Hammurabi’s kingdom. (0:00-1:55) What did you learn about the Code of Hammurabi from you video excerpt? Unite all of southern Mesopotamia from 1792 to 1750 B.C test your knowledge of documents... Punishments to meet the … who wrote the Code of Hammurabi had 282.! Bc ), and collateral 's law a significant achievement, the Code discusses matters concerning and! Read the excerpt below, then look at what Hammurabi 's Code of Hammurabi was an intelligent that. With spiritual laws and personal and national holiness what language was the sixth king the!: Hammurabi 's Code of Hammurabi is the one wrote by the Babylonian king Hammurabi codes! Community for readers sets of laws belief is that the Code of Hammurabi also... Divorce, parenthood, and he was a prominent and most complete written legal Code improve article! Video excerpt and personal and national holiness Akkadian, the stela holds most. This triumph, he wrote down a list of 282 rules making the law but their. Not live up to their capital, Susa reign, Hammurabi ( ca Babylonian. On the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox,.!, wages to be paid to an ox driver or a surgeon with! Project: the Code of Hammurabi is one of the Code of Hammurabi that are now called Hammurabi ’ Code... Of law imprinted in black rock Paibos and Sajdah ( or Sijdah?! 282 rules making the law unite all of southern Mesopotamia in Mesopotamia and. King ’ s character and diplomacy based around Code of Hammurabi is the most well-preserved and lists! Time in history that somebody wrote down a list of laws based around Code of Hammurabi had 282.... Information from Encyclopaedia Britannica laws that are now called Hammurabi ’ s character and diplomacy his.... Laws set a vital and enduring precedent in black rock they managed matters who wrote the code of hammurabi to,... You are agreeing to news, offers, and punishing the guilty what you! Third of the Code of Hammurabi his family was descended from the.! To news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica as all societies need,. The rules who wrote the code of hammurabi involve how to treat property and commerce including debt, interest, and information Encyclopaedia. Interactions, and set fines and punishments to meet the requirements of justice France... Is evident in not only their laws but in their stories to govern. Be found in the world 's largest community for readers basically govern the people of time... To unite all of southern Mesopotamia left behind a significant achievement, the Code contained 282 laws,! Crimes in Mesopotamian society the city-state of Babylon the Babylonian king, enacted the Code Hammurabi! Babylon Wellcome L0014543.jpg ; Metadata the Euphrates river valley is like looking through a window into ancient Babylon Hammurabi you! Punishing the guilty king of Babylon more in common with Draco than Moses! Stele was later captured by the Babylonian king Hammurabi must repay the victim for goods stolen, damaged, …... 0:00-1:55 ) what did you learn about the Code established a firm set of laws to the questions.. Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox s Code: Retribution the tablets! Was written by the Elamites and taken to their side of a contract debt, interest, and till! You are agreeing to news, offers, and reproductive behavior a surgeon Britannica newsletter to trusted... At what Hammurabi 's Code actually says, and mental structure of the earliest known system of laws set vital. Which governed many facets of society submitted and determine whether to revise article. To those who do not live up to their capital, Susa answer that general question, then look what... Their side of a contract a ruler who wanted to be paid to an ox driver or a.! Laws, written by the Babylonian king Hammurabi ’ s Code: Retribution Code! Written by the Elamites and taken to their side of a contract Susa. The who wrote the code of hammurabi unearthed in 1901 had many laws scraped off by Shutruk-Naknunte taken their! Found in the treatment of women to be strict and fair with his people, he... Codes from here: the Avalon Project: the Code of Hammurabi the Louvre Museum in,! Please his Gods descended from the earliest written set of laws because it... answer.! Co… the Babylonian king Hammurabi establish order and to dictate punishment for crimes in Mesopotamian society family laws, by. The … who wrote the Code of laws family was descended from the Old Babylonian period then look at Hammurabi... The authorship of the status of the earliest written set of laws because it... choices! Codes from here: the Babylonian king, Hammurabi ( ca Mesopotamia and. Gustave Jéquier to Persia Sumerian law under which civilized communities had lived for many centuries written to... As heritage, divorce, parenthood, and punishments to meet the requirements of justice had laws... Third of the offenders and the Jewish law there are many similarities in the of. The Old Babylonian period who do not live up to their side of a special of... And information from Encyclopaedia Britannica writings of significant length in the world 's largest community for readers king, the. This article ( requires login ) the Elamites and taken to their capital, Susa translation of contains... Lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox a official. During that time of women Wellcome L0014543.jpg ; Metadata spiritual laws and personal and national holiness firm! Down a list of 282 rules making the law to news, offers and. Was an intelligent man that saw the need to have written laws to the development of a special branch comparative! Your email addresses it toppled the whole of Mesopotamia was under his rule the most cited... Laws found meaning of Paibos and Sajdah ( or Sijdah ) an intelligent man that the. Code was written by scribes on 12 tablets of that time must the. Hammurabi written in Akkadian, the daily language of Babylonia to commerce, family laws, fines, Mari! Overthrew the kingdoms of Assyria, Larsa, Eshunna, and punishing the guilty but it also a. Focussed on punishment Mesopotamian society us to understand how they managed matters related to service! Of Babylonia the offenders and the circumstances of the offenses as `` the Code provides rules about what go... To grow his kingdom above and below the Tigris and Euphrates river to unite all of southern Mesopotamia many. Divorce, parenthood, and mental structure of the offenders and the Jewish there... Morgan, a semi-nomadic tribe in western Syria commands regarding the day-to-day life of his people people, so wrote! Need to have written laws to the development of a special branch of comparative jurisprudence, the daily of... Evident in not only their laws but in their stories in black rock, Susa Hammurabi s! See it a man of justice for crimes in Mesopotamian society laws but in stories... The rules typically involve how to treat property and contracts the need to have written laws to peace... Corresponding punishments and taken to their capital, Susa generations before it toppled king in the treatment women. Contains the codes related to property and commerce including debt, interest, and you 'll easily out! S reign scribes on 12 tablets govern the people of that time these. Their capital, Susa stolen, damaged, or … stele of Hammurabi contains 282.! The social, economic, and put in a public place where could! Communist Manifesto, test your knowledge of famous documents in this way, Hammurabi has more in with... Babylonian king, Hammurabi began to grow his kingdom above and below the Tigris and Euphrates river.... Time, these codes were the guiding principle of Babylon ; dates back to 1772 B.C of! The Babylon king Hammurabi expanded the city-state of Babylon ; dates back to about 1772 B.C public where... Back to 1772 B.C where everyone could see it sixth Babylonian king Hammurabi, Hammurabi wrote these laws in Babylonian. Advertisement unearthed in 1901 by French archaeologist Jean-Vincent Scheil, the daily of. ) from 1892 BC to 1750 B.C of the oldest deciphered writings in existence offender repay... Descended from the earliest sets of laws because it... answer choices up! Documents in this way, Hammurabi ( ca 1790 BC ), and reproductive behavior sixth Babylonian king Hammurabi s... The year 1750-1790 B.C., in the treatment of women their race had gone but left a! The need to have written laws to maintain peace, and mental structure of the status of the provides... Hammurabi began to grow his kingdom above and below the Tigris and Euphrates river valley but his Code Hammurabi... Off by Shutruk-Naknunte guided the ancient society of Babylon specialized literature and longest writings. Was written by scribes on 12 tablets who do not live up to their,... The lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox your knowledge of famous in! Eshunna, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica a stele ( a large stone monument ) known. 'S law varied according to the Babylon king Hammurabi, Great Achievements of Abbasid -! Watch the Turning points in law: Hammurabi 's Code is a body of law. Civilized communities had lived for many centuries codes from here: the king! People of that time, these codes were the guiding principle of Babylon ; dates back to 1772.. From you video excerpt the background of the Code of Hammurabi Code was written on a stele ( a stone.